6.1 Million U.S. Children Have Disabled Parents (OPEN MINDS Weekly News Wire Book 2013)
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Estimates were derived separately for: 1 unauthorized residents who entered the United States in the s; and 2 those who entered before and still lived here illegally in January For unauthorized residents who entered in the s and resided illegally in the United States in January , estimates were derived by subtracting estimates of the legally resident foreign-born population from the total foreign-born population. The difference is the number of unauthorized residents, as of January , who entered in the s.
About The INS adjusted that number upward by about ,, primarily to account for estimated undercount in the census, 4 yielding a total foreign-born population of nearly The difference, 5.
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For unauthorized residents who moved here before and still resided here illegally in January , the estimates are based on the estimated population that resided illegally in the United States in January , reduced by the number that left the population in the s. The INS estimates that 3. Of those, nearly 2 million left the unauthorized resident population in the s.
Combining the estimates in paragraphs 1 and 2 above yields a total of 7. The figures shown above are for the entire U. As described above, the estimates of unauthorized residents were derived by subtracting estimates of the legally resident foreign-born population from the total foreign-born population. The figures used here for the total foreign-born population are relatively straightforward: they are Census counts of the foreign-born population, adjusted for estimated undercount.
Estimating the legally resident population was considerably more complex. In addition to those admitted for lawful permanent residence and refugee arrivals, it was necessary to make reliable estimates for a number of difficult-to-estimate populations. Detailed estimates were made for:. All of these groups have been included in the legally resident population used to derive the estimates shown here; the total for these groups is nearly 2.
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It should be noted that net internal migration moves from State to State of lawful residents after admission could affect the accuracy of the estimates of unauthorized immigration for States. The effects of net internal migration of lawful residents might be relatively small because: 1 the majority of LPRs are admitted on the basis of close kinship with U. The estimated unauthorized resident population in each State would be unaffected by net internal migration of lawful residents who moved to the United States before The Census data for the foreign-born population are based on a sample of the population, and therefore the annual estimates of the unauthorized resident population in January are subject to sampling variability.
Thus, relatively small year-to-year differences should be disregarded, and the actual trends might be somewhat higher or lower than those shown here. Table C. Pew Research, September 3, The new estimates are based mainly on data from the U. Table A1. Population figures in thousands, unless otherwise noted see rounding notes below.
The estimates presented in this report for the unauthorized immigrant population are based on a residual estimation methodology that compares a demographic estimate of the number of immigrants residing legally in the country with the total number of immigrants as measured by a survey—either the American Community Survey ACS or the March Supplement to the Current Population Survey CPS ; the difference is assumed to be the number of unauthorized immigrants in the survey, a number that is later adjusted for omissions from the survey see below.
The basic estimate is:. First, all immigrants entering the U. Then, the data are corrected for known over-reporting of naturalized citizenship on the part of recently arrived immigrants Passel et al. So, to have a result consistent with the residual estimate of legal and unauthorized immigrants, probabilistic methods are employed to assign legal or unauthorized status to these potentially unauthorized individuals.
This last step also involves a check to ensure that the legal statuses of family members are consistent; for example, all family members entering the country at the same time are assumed to have the same legal status. This report provides estimates of the size of the unauthorized immigrant population residing in the United States as of January by period of entry, region and country of origin, state of residence, age, and sex. The estimates were obtained using the residual methodology employed for previous estimates of the unauthorized population see Hoefer, Rytina, and Baker, The unauthorized immigrant population is the remainder or residual after the legally resident foreign-born population—legal permanent residents LPRs , naturalized citizens, asylees, refugees, and nonimmigrants—is subtracted from the total foreign-born population.
Census Bureau was the source for estimates of the total foreign-born population. In summary, an estimated These results suggest little to no change in the unauthorized immigrant population from to Of all unauthorized immigrants living in the United States in , 42 percent entered in or later. Entrants since accounted for 14 percent of the total. Fifty-nine percent of unauthorized immigrants in were from Mexico. The unauthorized resident immigrant population is defined as all foreign-born non-citizens who are not legal residents see above.
Most unauthorized residents either entered the United States without inspection or were admitted temporarily and stayed past the date they were required to leave. Unauthorized immigrants applying for adjustment to LPR status under the Immigration and Nationality Act INA are unauthorized until they have been granted lawful permanent residence, even though they may have been authorized to work.
Persons who are beneficiaries of Temporary Protected Status TPS —an estimated several hundred thousand—are not technically unauthorized but were excluded from the legally resident immigrant population because data are unavailable in sufficient detail to estimate this population. Two populations are estimated in order to derive the unauthorized population estimates: 1 the total foreign-born population living in the United States on January 1, and 2 the legally resident population on the same date.
The unauthorized population estimate is the residual when 2 is subtracted from 1. Foreign-born residents who entered the United States prior to were assumed to be legally resident since most were eligible for LPR [lawful permanent resident] status. Annual estimates of the unauthorized immigrant population are subject to sampling error in the ACS and considerable nonsampling error because of uncertainty in some of the assumptions required for estimation as indicated below. Caution is recommended in interpreting year-year changes in the size of the unauthorized population.
Assumptions about undercount of the foreign-born population in the ACS and rates of emigration. The estimates are sensitive to the assumptions that are made about these components see Results. Accuracy of year of entry reporting. Assumptions about the nonimmigrant population estimate.
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The estimates are based on admission dates and length of visit by class of admission and country of citizenship and not actual population counts. Figure 1. Unauthorized Immigration Population: — The sensitivity of the estimates to assumptions about undercount and emigration is illustrated with several examples. Doubling the unauthorized immigrant undercount rate from 10 percent to 20 percent increases the estimated unauthorized population in from By lowering or raising emigration rates 20 percent and holding all other assumptions constant, the estimated unauthorized immigrant population would range from Doubling the unauthorized immigrant undercount rate and lowering or raising emigration rates by 20 percent would expand the range of the estimated unauthorized immigrant population from Bear Stearns Asset Management, January 3, Based on several criteria, we believe that immigration is growing significantly faster than the consensus estimates:.
Many immigrants, particularly those with immediate families in their native country, provide financial support to those left behind.
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The rate of increase in remittances far exceeds the increases in Mexicans residing in the U. Even considering the declining costs of money transfers, the growth of remittances remains astounding. The rapid addition of bank accounts by Mexicans living in the U.
To date, around 2. In major immigrant gateway cities, the influx of immigrants has led to overcrowded dwellings and a housing boom unexplained by official population growth. Many illegal immigrants, especially those who just arrive, reside in congested dwellings in cities, with the hope of finding jobs and upgrading to better living conditions later. These congested dwellings often house far more tenants than they are built for, and their landlords have no qualms about cramming in additional renters for a surcharge.
Even so, new housing demand in these illegal immigrant enclaves outstrips those in other areas. According to the census, the combined population in these three towns between and grew only 5. Yet housing permits in these three towns shot up over six-fold, while the rest of the three counties only saw a three-fold increase.
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Social Contract , Summer The average number of recorded apprehensions of illegal aliens in the United States now hovers at 1. For the year period — , the highest number of apprehensions, 1. These DHS statistics contradict persistent statements by other government agencies that only , to , illegal aliens enter the country each year. Journeymen Border Patrol agents on the job five years or more estimate that a minimum of five illegal aliens enter the United States for each apprehension, and more likely seven.
That informed estimate would raise the total number of illegal aliens entering the United States in to 8 million men, women, and children. My estimate of 38 million illegal aliens residing in the United States is calculated, however, using a conservative annual rate of entry allowing for deaths and returns to their homelands of three illegal aliens entering the United States for each one apprehended.
My estimate includes apprehensions at the Southern Border by far, the majority , at the Northern Border, along the Pacific, Atlantic, and Gulf of Mexico coasts, and at seaports and airports. Taking the DHS average of 1. Add to this the approximately 2 million visa overstays during the same period, and the total is 38 million illegal aliens currently in the United States.
James H. During his INS tenure, Walsh was selected as a German Marshall Fund Scholar, traveled through Europe interviewing immigration officials, and published articles based on his findings. At INS, he worked with other federal agencies and with congressional committees on immigration matters.